Offers analyses and interpretations of the archaeological evidence of Roman Britain and combines advances in archaeology with modern scientific approaches to environmental reconstruction. The authors cover the sources and methods used, the Iron Age background, the natural environment and the effects of human activity on the landscape. Settlement evidence is addressed in an overview which ranges from villas to native farmsteads, along with religious sites, burials, forts and roads. Romano-British agriculture, the impact of Roman towns, and industrial activity, including ceramics and iron working are examined. Finally, the end of the Romano-British landscape and its post-Roman legacy is discussed.